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After World War I, representatives of the nations met at Versailles, France, to work out the terms of peace. A Jewish delegation made up of representatives of the European and American Jewish communities came to the peace conference to present the Zionist claims on Palestine, and the claims for minority rights for the Jews of Poland, Rumania, Bulgaria, and Yugoslavia. On February 27, 1919, Nahum Sokolow, Menachem Ussishkin, Chaim Weizmann, and Andre Spire presented the Zionist claims. At a later session, another committee headed by Louis Marshall presented the claims for Jewish minority rights. The peace conference accepted the validity of these claims, extended them to other groups, and wrote them into the peace treaties. These stated that minority rights “shall be recognized as fundamental law and shall be placed under the guarantee of the League of Nations.”

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