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SAMUEL (ca. 1100-1020 B.C.E.).

Prophet and priest. He succeeded the Judges as a leader of the people. In his old age the people asked him to select a king to rule over them and to lead them in battle. Samuel warned them against a monarchy, which would limit their freedom. When the people insisted, he chose Saul and anointed him king. The two Books of Samuel in the Bible describe the founding of the Kingdom of Israel and the reigns of Saul and David.

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