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Queen of Judea who ruled from 76 to 67 B.C.E. On his death bed, Salome’s husband, the Hasmonean King Alexander Jannaeus, appointed her to succeed him on the throne. Salome Alexandra brought peace to Judea by reversing her husband’s policy and favoring the Pharisees, who were the majority party in the country. Her brother, the learned Pharisee Simeon ben Shetah, served as president of the Sanhedrin, the legislative-judicial body of the people.

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