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(1891-1970). German-Jewish poet. Born in Berlin, she went to Sweden with her mother in 1940 as a refugee from Nazism. Her first published work, a volume of stories and legends, appeared in 1921. From 1929 to 1933 her verses were published in various German and German-Jewish newspapers. In Sweden she first earned her living by translating Swedish poetry into German. In her writings, all in German, she portrays in a mystical, descriptive style the sorrows of the Jewish people, its mission and its survival. In 1966, she shared the Nobel Prize for Literature with S.J. Agnon. In the award citation, her works were described as “a testimony to Jewish destiny in times that were inhuman. . .” Her lyrics and plays are

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